Part of daily life
Do they think of quaysides and cranes as they munch on cereal, toast and butter while reading the newspaper? Do they consider tankers and pipelines as they set out in their car and drive to work via the petrol station?
Probably not. But if they did ask the questions . . .
- Where did the power come from to light and heat my house, or provide that hot water?
- Who imported the grain for my cereal and toast?
- How did that butter make its way from New Zealand to my breakfast table?
- Which ship brought the reels of newsprint on which I read today’s headlines?
- How did my Korean car get to the UK, and why is there petrol in the pumps?
A huge variety of products are shipped into the Port of London from destinations all over the world, and without them, life for millions of people would be very different indeed.
Let’s start with power. Some 1.5 million tonnes of coal are shipped into Tilbury Power Station every year, which produces enough electricity for the needs of a million people. RWE npower imports coal using panamax size ships of up to 70,000 tonnes capacity – mainly from the Baltic, particularly from Russia and the Latvian port of Riga; coal has also been delivered from the Far East, South America, Australia, the US and South Africa.
The Coryton Refinery, owned by Petroplus, is one of the largest refineries in Europe – processing 172,000 barrels of crude per day, with additional throughput capacity of up to 70,000 barrels per day of other feedstocks. Production is split roughly equally between gasoline and diesel; products are distributed via the refinery’s own on-site truck-loading rack, railcar loading facilities, pipeline and marine facilities.
Vopak specialises in the storage and handling of petroleum products and also offers fuel blending at its Thames site.
The business of food
Food is big business at Tilbury Container Services. TCS specialises in north/south deepsea trades, and in particular in frozen and refrigerated cargoes. It has benefited from the increasing trend to ship fresh produce in containers; Reefer boxes now make up 17-18% of overall volume although this can be over 20% at peak periods. Australian and New Zealand meat has been shipped into London for well over 100 years, and TCS remains the UK hub for refrigerated foodstuffs – including meat, butter, cheese and fruit.
Tilbury Grain Terminal, meanwhile, is one of the largest grain facilities in the UK, handling wheat, barley, peas, beans and rapeseed exports, and wheat, maize and soya bean imports. It is accredited to handle wheat products by the Organic Food Federation and has drying and blending facilities and other processing options.
Another important food facility is the Tate & Lyle Sugars Thames Refinery at Silvertown, one of the largest cane sugar refineries in the world. The refinery processes 160 tonnes of raw sugar an hour and its annual output is about 1 million tonnes. Raw sugar is imported from a variety of African, Caribbean and Pacific Least Developed Countries (LDC) and Most Favoured Nations (MFN) and from world market suppliers such as Brazil. The refined sugar is transported directly to domestic retail and industrial buyers or exported by ship to customers all over the world.
And a wide variety of other liquid bulks and chemicals are imported and blended at facilities such as TDG’s Dagenham plant, Nustar and Oikos Storage’s Canvey Island site, which handles aviation fuel, petroleum products and chemicals. TDG also handles hard and soft vegetable and edible oils, for food production.
At Purfleet, Pura Foods imports about 300,000 tonnes of edible oils a year, including sunflower, rapeseed, palm and coconut – serving Unilever’s margarine factory immediately next door and a wide range of food manufacturing factories in the UK and overseas.
And so to that newspaper – or office paper, or letter, or birthday card. London is the UK’s largest hub for the import of newsprint and other reeled papers, as well as board, pulp, plywood, timber and other forest products used in furniture, building and other sectors. Forest products make their way into London’s specialist terminals via both deepsea and shortsea services.
Cars, too, are a major business in London – Hyundai, which has seen UK sales rocket in recent years, has a dedicated operation at the Port of Tilbury. Other marques arrive into the port via shortsea ro-ro services operated by Cobelfret, while most of the 1.2 million diesel engines manufactured each year at Ford’s Dagenham Engine Plant are shipped to vehicle assembly plants throughout Europe.
And parallel to the many finished products handled by the port are the raw and semi-finished products that are essential to major construction projects and to everyday life – aggregates and steel, including coil, rebar and structural steel, which are imported through a large number of specialist terminals on the Thames.
Of course, many of London’s imports arrive in unitised form – via shortsea or deepsea containerlines, or by roll-on/roll-off services into terminals such as CdMR Purfleet or facilities served by P&O, Grimaldi, Transfennica and DFDS. From nappies to table tennis bats – you name it and it’s probably been in a box or trailer arriving into the Port of London.
Many of the major supermarket chains have huge warehousing and distribution centres close to the Thames, once again underlining London’s critical position at the hub of so many supply chains.
A figure often quoted is that 95% of the UK’s imports arrive by sea. It’s good to remember that a great deal of them arrive via the Thames.
(Article taken from the 2010 Port of London Handbook produced by Compass Publications. For copies please contact the PLA Corporate Affairs Team on 01474 562364, or please use this Enquiry Form.)